Army Base in Japan

Japan Army Bases

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Camp S.D. Butler, Japan

Overview

Welcome to MCB Camp S. D. Butler located 300 miles due south of mainland Japan on the island of Okinawa.

Perhaps the most unique characteristic about Okinawa is that unlike most duty stations, MCB Camp Butler is physically separated throughout the island into a number of different camps.

Military members stationed in Japan receive a cost of living allowance (COLA) that helps make up for the falling dollar.

HISTORY

Marine Corps Bases, Japan, the senior Okinawa Marine Corps command, controls all Marine installations on Okinawa and mainland Japan, to include Camp Fuji and Marine Corps Air Station, Iwakuni.

Marine Corps Base Camp Butler's history began in 1955, when it was located at Camp Tengan near Camp Courtney. Today, the Camp Butler headquarters is located at Building 1, Camp Butler.

Most Marines stationed here belong to the III Marine Expeditionary Force, III MEF, headquartered at Camp Courtney. The III MEF activated during World War II (1942), where it fought as the Marine Amphibious Force. It carried this name through Vietnam, after which it re-settled in Okinawa in 1971.

For a thorough history of the major commands visit Major Unit Listings.

MISSION

Major Command

* Marine Corps Base
* III Marine Expeditionary Force

o 1st Marine Aircraft Wing
o 3d Marine Division
o 3d Marine Logistics Group

* MCAS Futenma
* Fleet Activities (Okinawa)
* Naval Hospital
* Naval Dental Center
* Mobile Construction Battalion (Sea Bees)

A Marine Air Ground Task Force is an interwoven, combined and balanced airborne and ground force, completely supported by its own combat service support element. The commanding general of each Fleet Marine Force can organize a MAGTF into various spheres of responsibility as the assigned mission dictates. A MAGTF can be quickly deployed by amphibious assault shipping, aircraft, maritime prepositioning force ships and military sealift command ships.

For a thorough mission of the major commands visit Major Unit Listings.

POPULATION SERVED

Approximate Population Served Active Duty Navy/Marine Families Civilians Retirees
20916 10215 1300 839

SPONSORSHIP

To request a sponsor you need to fill in the sponsorship request form from (MCO 1320.11E for Marines) or (Navpers 1330/2 for Navy). The request should be submitted to your administrative section. All forms and information may be found at the MCCS Okinawa web page under Welcome Aboard Package "HOT" Relocation Information (Marine & Navy Sponsorship Information) or on your Welcome Aboard CD-ROM.

Arrival information visit Location, Installation, Directions. Vist Location, Installation, Major Unit Listings for new unit OD phone numbers.

TEMPORARY QUARTERS

Upon arriving on Okinawa, your sponsor should arrange for you to stay at one of the many government approved TLA facilities until you have found suitable housing for your family. TLA is contingent upon:

Marines must utilize a government TLA facility, i.e., WestPac, Courtney, or Hansen Lodge, unless an endorsement is obtained stating that the facility closest to their place of work is not available for occupancy.

Upon arrival, Navy personnel should check with their personnel support detachment for current guidelines.

For a thorough information on Temporary Quarters visit Housing Installation Temporary Lodging.

RELOCATION ASSISTANCE

The Relocation Assistance Center provides assistance to all service members and their families who are relocating from one duty station to another. (011-81-611-745-8395) The range is quite substantial:

* Pre-Departure Planning Determining Needs and Priorities
* Destination Information (Sample Welcome Aboard Packages)
* Sponsorship Assistance and Training
* Automated Relocation Information (S.I.T.E.S.)
* Automated Road Atlas
* Resource Library, to include videos on Marine Corps installations Realtor Relocation Packages
* Relocation Workshops

o Newcomers' Orientations
o Smooth Move Workshop
o Sponsorship Training

* Cultural Adaptation Programs
* Loan Closet

Note: NEWCOMERS' ORIENTATION IS MANDATORY IN ACCORDANCE WITH MARCORBASESJAPANO 1754.2B AND 1754.1C. ATTENDANCE MUST BE CONFIRMED PRIOR TO MCB SAFETY OFFICE ISSUANCE OF POV DRIVER'S LICENSE.

Be Prepared

A good way to start preparing yourself and your family for the moving experience is to visit your Family/Personal Services Center. Information about the new location may be obtained by checking out a Welcome Aboard Package or video.

For a thorough information on Relocation Assistance visit Family Issues Relocation Assistance.

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Camp Zama, Japan

Overview

LOCATION - The Camp Zama community is comprised of three main housing areas on mainland Japan: Camp Zama, Sagamihara and Sagami Depot. All three are located in Kanagawa Prefecture, about 25 miles southwest of Tokyo. There are also several satellite locations located in Yokohama, Kure, Tokyo and other areas. The military community comprises a very small percentage of the prefecture population. Japan, in general, is a high cost of living area, but one can save on purchases by shopping on base at the post exchange and commissary. The weather is similar to what you'd find on the East coast, around North Carolina. In less than two hours by train, one can be shopping in downtown Tokyo, picking up seashells at the beach in Enoshima or soaking in a hot springs in Hakone.

HISTORY - The presence of the U.S.Army in Japan can be traced to the formation in 1941 of Army Force Far East (AFFE) under the command of General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. AFFE and its successor fought in many of the major campaigns in the Southwest Pacific, receiving two Distinguished Unit Citations and Two Philippine Presidential Unit Citations. In 1945, the command, which had been re-designated U.S. Armed Forces, Far East (USAFFE), participated in the occupation of Japan. With the outbreak of hostilities in Korea in June 1950, USAFFE became engaged in the logistical support of the U.S. Forces in Korea. In October 1953, USAFFE moved its headquarters to Camp Zama, Japan. In 1957, the U.S. Army Forces in the Pacific were completely reorganized. Many units including Armed Forces Far East/Eighth Army (REAR), as the command was then called, reorganized, renamed or inactivated. The reorganization created, on l July 1957, a new command, U.S. Army Japan (USARJ). USARJ was established as a major subordinate command in the newly formed U.S. Army Pacific (USARPAC).

MISSION - The United States Army Japan (USARJ) is the Army Component Command of United States Forces, Japan (USFJ). Stationed at Camp Zama, USARJ is a key element in upholding the 1960 Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan, the most important U.S. bilateral relationship in the region and the key to maintaining western Pacific regional stability. The 9th Theater Support Command (TSC), based out of Fort Belvoir, VA, is a multi-component unit with an active-duty element based on Camp Zama. United States Army Garrison Japan (USAG-J) executes Garrison operations to provide installation management, programs and services; enhance well-being of Soldiers, civilians and family members in support of mission readiness and execution. Several tenant units are also based at Camp Zama.

POPULATION SERVED - Mainland Japan has roughly 4,000 Soldiers, civilians, contractors and family members assigned to different areas, with slightly higher numbers of civilians and contractors than military. Japanese Nationals comprise over half of the work force.

SPONSORSHIP - Incoming Soldiers and civilians should request a sponsor by submitting a completed DA Form 5434, Sponsorship Program Counseling and Information Sheet. A sponsor will be assigned within 10 working days upon receipt of the DA Form 5434. Most newcomers will arrive at Narita Airport in Tokyo or at Yokota Air Force Base. Usually, the sponsor or another representative of the unit will meet the newcomers at the airport, escort them to the base, arrange for lodging, and assist them through the in-processing stage. A PO box can be assigned once PCS orders are received, so that newcomers can start forwarding their mail.

TEMPORARY QUARTERS - The sponsor will make lodging reservations on behalf of the newcomers ahead of time. Currently, there is a short waiting period for quarters, so newcomers will transition straight from lodging into quarters.

RELOCATION ASSISTANCE - Army Community Service (ACS) offers a week-long series of briefings and classes under the Command Right Start Program (CRSP). Head Start is offered through the Education Center and gives a brief overview on the Japanese language, customs and traditions. Information and referral at ACS includes driving and train maps to other bases as well as points of interest. ACS has a Lending Closet which offers various items for check-out until household goods arrive. ACS will also print SITES booklets and distribute welcome packets upon request. Weekly English as a Second Language (ESL) classes and Japanese classes are offered at no charge. For more information, please call ACS at commercial: 011-81-311-763-
HELP(4357)or DSN: 315-263-HELP(4357).

CRITICAL INSTALLATION INFORMATION - Be aware that the voltage difference will affect your clocks and some appliances (clocks will not keep time, appliances tend to work a little slower, but will work). Linens are not available for check-out, so it is best to pack some or ship some in your unaccompanied or hold baggage. Choose wisely the furniture you bring over, as Housing will outfit the quarters with all of the basic furniture you will need. Check with transportation to determine the feasibility of shipping a POV. Be sure to follow the requirements for transporting pets into Japan.

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FLTACT Sasebo, Japan

Overview

Navy Family Service Center U.S. Fleet Activities, Sasebo, Japan PSC 476 Box 62 FPO AP 96322-1114

Location : Sasebo is situated at Long. 129o 40' E and Lat. 33o 10'N in the northern part of Nagasaki Prefecture. Located on the northwest corner of the island of Kyushu, approximately one and a half hours north of Nagasaki City, two hours south of Fukuoka City, five hours south of Iwakuni MCAS, 900 miles southwest of Tokyo and 110 miles from Korea.

Major Command : U.S. FLEET ACTIVITIES,SASEBO,JAPAN (CFAS) The friendliest base in Japan. CFAS has a base population of approximately 6,000 and covers 1,000 acres of land in nine different locations. Most of the services, facilities, and housing are located at Main Base and Hario Village. The rest of the areas consist of two ordnance facilities (with about forty-thousand tons of Navy and Marine Corps munitions), two fuel facilities (with five and a half million barrels of fuel), and an LCAC facility at Sakibe. See specific directions on how to get to the installation from the airport, bus/train stations, and driving under Category INSTALLATION, Subject Area MUST KNOW ITEMS.

CFAS Mission : To receive,renovate,maintain, store and issue ammunition, explosives, expendable ordnance items, weapons and technical ordnance material; operate and maintain base facilities for the logistic support of homeported units and visiting operating forces of the Pacific Fleet and designated tenant activities.

Mission Statement : We are committed to deliver unequalled and continuously improving service and support, with small town hospitality, to the Fleet and the entire Sasebo community. We strive to be the most sought-after Naval activity in the world in which to work, visit and live.

Telephone Access : Unless otherwise specified, all phone numbers listed in SITES are DSN and can only be dialed from a DSN line or from on base. To call commercially from the U.S., dial the base operator and ask for extension 252-xxxx. (011 is the code to dial overseas, 81 is the country code for Japan, 956 is the area code for Sasebo)

Main Base Operator : 011-81-956-24-6111
Hario Village Operator : 011-81-956-58-4760

History : The important bi-lateral relationship between Japan and the United States which exists today is very much in evidence at U.S. Fleet Activities,Sasebo, where ships of the Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force and the United States Seventh Fleet share this excellent port.

Sasebo has been an important naval base ever since 1883, when then Lieutenant Commander Heihachiro Togo nominated the tiny fishing village here to form the nucleus for a mighty base for the Imperial Japanese Navy. In 1904, ships of the Japanese Navy under Admiral Togo sailed from Sasebo to take on the Russian Baltic Fleet. Admiral Togo's victory at the Battle of Tsushima is a classic in naval history.

The Imperial Japanese Navy had some 60,000 people working in the dock yard and associated naval station here at the peak of World War II, outfitting ships, submarines and aircraft. In those days, just as today, Sasebo was a favorite liberty port for navy personnel.

In September of 1945, the U.S. Marine Corps Fifth Division landed at Sasebo, and in June 1946, U.S. Fleet Activities, Sasebo was established.

When war broke out in Korea three years later, Sasebo became the main launching point for United Nations and U.S. Forces. Millions of tons of ammunition, fuel, tanks, trucks and supplies flowed through Sasebo on their way to U.N. Forces in Korea. The number of Americans in Sasebo grew to about 20,000; and some 100 warships and freighters per day swelled the foreign population here still more.

After the Korean war ended, the Japanese Self Defense Forces were formed, and Japanese Maritime Self Defense Forces ships began to homeport in Sasebo.

U.S. Fleet Activities continued to support ships of the U.S. Seventh Fleet. Service Force ships as well as minecraft made Sasebo their homeport. U.S. Fleet Activities, Sasebo provided heavy support to the expanded Seventh Fleet during the years of war in Southeast Asia. Repair work done by Japanese shipyards in Sasebo was then, and is still today, equal to the best in the world. In the mid Seventies, U.S. Fleet Activities, Sasebo became Naval Ordnance Facility, Sasebo, and fleet visits dwindled to a very low level.

But on July 4th, 1980 this trend was reversed. U.S. Fleet Activities regained its name, and once again Seventh Fleet ships started to make Sasebo their overseas homeport. Sasebo is currently home to Commander, Amphibious Squadron Eleven and assigned ships: USS Belleau Wood (LHA-3),which will conduct a ship homeport change of command with USS Essex(LHD-2) June 2000, USS Germantown (LSD-42), USS Juneau (LPD-10), USS Fort McHenry (LSD-43), USS Guardian (MCM-5), USS Patriot (MCM-7) and USS Safeguard (AFS-50) and some 5,000 Americans as part of the forward deployed naval forces.

U.S. Fleet Activities, Sasebo played a vital logistics role in Operation Desert Sheild/storm during 1990-91, by serving as a supply point for ordance and fuel for ships and Marines operating in the Persian Guld theater.

Today, as throughout its history, U.S. Fleet Activities, Sasebo stands ready to support Seventh Fleet units as they continue to ensure peace and security in the Pacific region.

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Kadena AB, Japan

Overview

Location: Okinawa City, Okinawa Japan

Major Command: Pacific Air Force, Associated Unit Commands

Mission: Kadena's mission is to defend U.S. and allied interests by providing a responsive staging and operational airbase with integrated, deployable, forward-based airpower.

Population assigned-served: 23,342
Active Duty Personnel: 7,500
Family Members: 11,000
Retirees: 708
Civilian Employees: 1,300
Japanese Employees: 2,900
Contract Employees: 10,000

Telephone Access: DSN 315-634-XXXX; Commercial from the U.S. to Kadena Air Base 011-81-611-7XX-XXXX. Please note that the DSN 634 becomes 734 when dialing commercially. If you are dialing from the U.S. to an off-base number, the prefix is 011-81-98-XXX-XXXX.

Few installations have the broad range of Air Force activities found at Kadena. People and organizations from six Air Force major commands, the U.S. Navy, and several other Department of Defense agencies make Kadena one of the Air Force's largest and most important overseas installations.

History:

Kadena AB history dates back to just before the April 1, 1945, U.S. invasion of Okinawa, when a local construction firm completed a small airfield named Yara Hikojo near the island's village of Kadena. The airfield, used by Japanese warplanes, was one of the first targets of the U.S. 10th Army and was captured just hours after American troops stormed the island. What the Americans captured was nothing more than a 4,600 foot strip of badly-damaged coral runway. Army engineers quickly made repairs and by nightfall the same day, the runway could accept emergency landings. Eight days later, and after some six inches of coral were added, the airfield was declared operational and put into immediate service. By August 1945, an additional runway was built and the original runway lengthened and improved to accomodate bombers. Kadena Air Base was born.

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MCAS Iwakuni, Japan

Overview

LOCATION: Iwakuni lies at the eastern end of Yamaguchi Prefecture. Its southeastern part faces the Inland Sea and its northern part adjoins Otake City in Hiroshima Prefecture. The city is backed by mountains and its front borders the Seto Inland Sea for a distance of some 1.3 kilometers. Iwakuni is located 300 miles West of Osaka and 30 miles from Hiroshima. Tokyo is 600 miles East of Iwakuni. Iwakuni is in time zone I, zulu plus nine hours (i.e., 14 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time, see "Time Zone Chart"). Subtract one hour during day-light savings time.

MAJOR COMMANDS: HEADQUARTERS AND HEADQUARTERS SQUADRON; MWSS-171; 11TH DENTAL CO DET, 3RD DENTAL BN; NAVAL HOSPITAL BRANCH CLINIC; MAG-12; MALS-12; VFMA-212 AND CSSD-36.

PRIMARY MISSION OF INSTALLATION: To maintain and operate facilities, provide installation services and materials to support operations of a Marine Aircraft Wing or units thereof, and other activities and units designated by the Commandant of the Marine Corps in coordination with the Chief of Naval Operations.

POPULATION: Served-4,747; Active Duty Officers-243; Active Duty Enlisted-2,425; Family Members-1,854; Retirees-78; Civilian Employees-225; Japanese Employees- 4,911

TELEPHONE ACCESS: Unless otherwise specified, all phone numbers listed in SITES are DSN and can only be dialed from a DSN line or from on base. To call commercially from the U.S., dial the base operator and ask for extension 253-XXXX. (011 is the code to dial overseas, 81 is the country code for Japan, and 6117 is the area code for Iwakuni).

BASE OPERATOR: 011-81-6117-53 XXXX(ext.)

DSN: 253-XXXX(ext.)

CALLING FROM WITHIN JAPAN: Long Distance: 0827-21-4171 XXXX(ext.) Local: 21-4171 XXXX (ext.)

PUBLIC PHONES: Public telephones are found just about everywhere in Japan. Yellow and green telephones accept both 10 Yen and 100 Yen coins. Red phones accept 10 Yen coins only. Green phones also accept magnetic, prepaid telephone cards. You can place person-to-person, collect and credit card calls only through KDD (Japanese phone company) by dialing 0051 from anywhere in Japan.

HISTORY: Three hundred fifty years ago, the waters of the Inland Sea rolled over the area where aircraft wheels now screech across Iwakuni's airstrip. Fish swam nonchalantly over the spot where the main gate now stands. The land here has been wrestled from the ocean's grasp through hundreds of years of effort on the part of generations of "Japanese Dutchmen."

It's all part of Iwakuni's "ancient history"---the seldom told story of how the present Air Station came to be.

It was back at the beginning of the 1600's that the feudal lord Kikkawa, a supporter of the defeated Shogun, was banished to remote Iwakuni for having made the error of supporting the losing side. After building himself a castle on Shiroyama, the mountain west of Kintai Bridge, Kikkawa looked around and found that he was a very poor lord indeed. His land was officially valued (and taxable) at 60,000 koku of rice (one koku equals 4.96 bushels), but the land yielded 35,000 koku. In order to improve the situation, Kikkawa ordered his subjects to cultivate the hillsides and reclaim land along the sea front. The reclamation program has gone on ever since, with the largest area of reclaimed land being the Kawashimo delta on which MCAS Iwakuni is built. Nearly 2,000 acres of the delta have been taken back from the sea.

The reclaimed area was all farmland and village until the Japanese government bought a large portion of it in 1938, with the aim of establishing a Naval Air Station. The new base was commissioned July 8, 1940. When World War II started, the Iwakuni air station was used as a training and defense base. Ninety six trainers and 150 Zero fighter planes were stationed on the airstrip; but, contrary to popular belief, no Kamikazes were based at Iwakuni. In September 1943, a branch of the Etajima Naval Academy was established here, with approximately 1,000 cadets undergoing training in the Basic, Junior, and Senior Officer's schools at any one time. American B-29's bombed Iwakuni in May and August of 1945, concentrating on the oil refinery and RTO (train station) areas. The last air raid took place just a day before the war ended.

The first Allies to reach Iwakuni at war's end were a group of U.S. Marines who had the papers signed ending the conflict for the Japanese air base.

After the end of World War II, various military forces from the United States, Britain, Australia, and New Zealand occupied the base, and it was designated a Royal Australian Air Force Base in 1948.

When the Korean Conflict started in 1950, units from the Royal Navy and U.S. Air Force arrived at Iwakuni as United Nations forces. Jets flew daily to support front line troops in Korea, returning each evening to refuel and rearm. The troop processing center located here throughout the war earned Iwakuni the title, "Gateway to Korea."

The U.S. Air Force took command of the station April 1, 1952. During its period of command, the Air Force did much to improve the base's facilities. The U.S. Navy took over the station on October 1, 1954. NAS Iwakuni was greatly enlarged in July 1956 when the First Marine Aircraft Wing moved its headquarters here from Korea. A whole new area was procured on the north side of the station to make room for approximately 2,500 incoming Marines.

The station, which is approximately 1400 acres, was officially designated as USMC Air Station Iwakuni in 1962. Its mission includes support of operations, maintenance and supply of tenant units and ships calling here.

Tenant units stationed here include units of the 1st MAW and 3rd FSSG, headquartered on Okinawa, as well as Fleet Air Wing 31 and other units of the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF). At present, the station has about 10,000 personnel, including Japanese national employees.

During the last few years, a continuous construction and renovation program has been underway, providing such improvements as new family housing units, Crossroads Mall, a new Community Services building, and a new combined club.

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Misawa AB, Japan

Overview

Misawa Air Base has witnessed a large amount of growth over the past few years. It is a dynamic air base with modern facilities, excellent housing, and is surrounded by the natural mountainous beauty of rural northern Japan. Home to all the various service groups it is a model example of the new defense concept of "jointness." Additionally, it coexists with a contingent of the Japanese Air Defense Force.

Location : Misawa Air Base is approximately 400 miles north of Tokyo, located on the northeastern part of Honshu, Japan's main island.

Major Command : Pacific Air Forces
Primary Weapon Systems : F-16 Fighting Falcon P-3C Orion

Mission : The Wing's mission is to protect U.S. interests in the Pacific by providing forward presence, deployable forces, and quality mission support. 35th Fighter Wing is the host unit and provides support for the entire Misawa Air Base community, including the Naval Air Facility, and the Misawa Cryptologic Operations Center, comprised of the 301st Intelligence Squadron, Naval Security Group Activity, 750th Military Intelligence Company, and Company E Marine Support Battalion. The base is shared with the Japan Air Self Defense Force.

History The 35th Fighter Wing was originally activated at Johnson Air Base, Japan on 18 August 1948, though it carries the bestowed honors of the 35th Fighter Group, tracing its origin back to 22 December 1939. The Wing's original mission was to fly air defense over Japan. In January 1950, the wing was redesignated the 35th Fighter Interceptor Wing and, in July, it deployed a tactical group and two squadrons to Korea to support United Nations ground forces during the Korean War. After the Korean War, the 35th added aerial reconnaissance to its mission. From 1948, until its inactivation on 1 October 1957, the 35th flew several different airframes, including the RC-45, F-51, RF-51, F-80, F-86 and F-94.

The wing returned to service on 1 April 1966, when the wing activated as the 35th Tactical Fighter Wing at Da Nang Air Base, South Vietnam. The wing had five flying squadrons assigned to it while at Da Nang, and its pilots flew F-4C, F-102 and B-57 aircraft. On 8 October 1966, the wing moved and became the host wing at Phan Rang Air Base, Republic of Vietnam. While at Phan Rang AB, units assigned or attached to the 35 TFW flew F-100, B-57, A-37B and MK-20 airframes.

On 32 July 1971, the wing inactivated at Phan Rang AB, ending its involvement in Vietnam. However, the 35th did not remain inactive long. On 1 October 1971, the 35 TFW activated at George AFB, California. At George, the 35th took over the mission of training F-4 flight crews. In July 1973, with the arrival of F-105 aircraft, the wing began training aircrews for "Wild Weasel" (radar detection and suppression) missions in addition to other F-4 training. By 1975, with the arrival of new F-4C aircraft, the 35 TFW was training aircrews exclusively in "Wild Weasel" operations for deployment to operational units in Okinawa and Germany. In 1985, the 35th Tactical Fighter Wing was redesignated the 35th Tactical Training Wing. However, the wing retained an air defense augmentation responsibility. In October 1989, operations at George AFB were reorganized and the 35TTW redesignated the 35th Tactical Fighter Wing. Under the reorganization, the wing gained two tactical fighter squadrons.

In August 1990, the 35 TFW deployed 24 F-4Gs to Shaikh Isa Air Base, Bahrain, in support of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. During Operation Desert Storm, the 35 TFW (Provisional) played a key role in the successful air campaign, flying 3,072 combat missions totaling 10,318.5 hours. The US Central Command relied heavily on the wing's "Wild Weasels" for suppression of the enemy's air defense systems.

On 1 october 1991, as part of an Air Force-wide reorganization, the 35 TFW was redesignated the 35th Fighter Wing and its tactical fighter squadrons redesignated fighter squadrons. In 1992, the 35 FW started downsizing in preparation for the closure of George AFB. On 15 December 1992, the 35th Fighter Wing inactivated and George AFB closed.

Less than six months after its inactivation the 35 FW was again called to service. On 31 May 1993, the 35 FW was redesignated the 35th Wing and activated at Naval Air Station Keflavik, Iceland. The 35th replaced Air Forces Iceland, which had served as a wing equivalent for over 40 years. The 35th Wing inactivated at Keflavik on 30 September 1994, and activated at Misawa Air Base, Japan on 1 October 1994, as the 35th Fighter Wing.

Population assigned-served 11,138
Active Duty Officer.......... : 488
Active Duty Enlisted......... : 4,248
Family Members............... : 5,207
Civilian Employees........... : US-299 (DOD, DoDDs, local hire)
Japanese Nationals-847

Telephone Access : DSN 226-xxxx When using commercial phone lines to call Misawa Air Base from the United States, dial 011-81-3117-66-then last four digits of "226" DSN number. When calling commercial for a "222" DSN number, dial 011-81-3117-62-then the last four digits of that number (Note: most "222" phone numbers are residential housing. Some are official on-base agencies such as AAFES or SATO Travel. If you need to call from within Japan, the prefix is: 0176-53-5181 (this will be the base operator; then ask for the specific phone number desired)

Additionally, one can access Misawa Air Base's Home Page on the Internet for comprehensive information about the base.

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NAF Atsugi, Japan

Overview

Naval Air Facility (NAF) Atsugi is the largest Naval Air Facility in the Pacific and home to Carrier Air Wing FIVE. NAF Atsugi is located in the Tokyo area. More specifically, it is in Kanagawa Prefecture in Ayase (ah-ya-sey) City, which is about 16 km due west of Yokohama and about 36 km south-west of Tokyo. On a detailed map of Japan, the base is sometimes shown as Atsugi Airport.

NAF Atsugi's Mission is to provide facilities, services and material support for U.S. Navy and Marine Corp aviation operations, and to provide logistic support for Carrier Air Wing 5.

Ironic twists of fate have transformed what was once farmland and pine groves into a truly international aviation community which meets the security needs of both Japan and the United States. In it's brief history, NAF Atsugi has been many things to many people.

NAF Atsugi has been Japan's strategic last line of aviation defense in World War II; the site of a revolt by Kamikaze pilots and other military personnel who refused to recognize or accept the word "surrender"; the place where General Douglas MacArthur first set foot on Japanese soil, en route to attend the formal surrender ceremony; and a home-away-from-home for thousands of U.S. Forces personnel and their dependents.

The Japanese Imperial Naval Air Force first began construction of an airfield at this site in September 1938. The new facility was to be capable of handling carrier-based aircraft and close to ships ported at nearby Yokosuka. The full runway was completed in 1941 with the remainder of the base to be completed in 1943 with an initial compliment of 48 carrier fighters, and 12 night fighters for training. These aircraft were also to defend the skies over the Kanto Plain, an area which includes Tokyo and Yokohama.

The Atsugi Japanese Naval Air Group reached its peak compliment on February 20, 1944, with 72 carrier fighters, 24 night fighters and 12 reconnaissance planes. This Air Group was the first unit to receive the order to defend mainland Japan "to the end." There was a great deal of anxiety about enemy air attacks. Japanese military leaders realized that, if the Marianas fell, B-29 raids on the mainland would be inevitable.

Fear of the B-29's and their destructive capabilities drove the inhabitants of Atsugi Base underground. Nearly 2,000 military personnel, aided by scores of civilians undertook the herculean task of digging large caves to serve as subterranean hangers and barracks. After six months, 12 immense caverns were finished. In November, 1944, the feared B-29 raids became a reality, laying Tokyo and the surrounding area to waste by the following August. Ironically, Atsugi Base was not touched.

Emperor Hirohito announced Japan's surrender on August 15, 1945. However, the officers of the Atsugi Naval Air Group did not give up the fight. Their Commanding Officer, Commander Ozono, declared the surrender orders to have been issued by individuals guilty of treason and therefore unauthorized.

Handbills outlining the rebelling officers' position were distributed in the Atsugi area, and support was given outside the base gates. On August 17, 1945, General MacArthur's Headquarters sent word that an official Japanese delegation was to report to Sadamisaki, in Southern Japan on Shikoku Island, to discuss the terms of the surrender. The Japanese leaders feared that the rebelling pilots at Atsugi would attempt to shoot down the delegation's plane. But the rebelling forces were not organized and did not learn of the delegation until it was already assembled in Sadamisako. Because of poor organization and the lack of targets to strike against, the rebellion faded into a calm yet formal statement of protest. Atsugi appeared to be under control but was still a source of concern for the Japanese leaders.

Meanwhile, MacArthur's headquarters requested to use the Atsugi Air Base as the landing place for the first wave of occupation troops. The Japanese attempted to delay the decision by convincing the Americans that Atsugi Base was not large enough for the troop carriers. But the Americans showed the Japanese delegation U.S. reconnaissance photos discrediting these claims. The situation at Atsugi was now critical for the Japanese. On August 21, Japanese working parties sped to the planes on the air field. They began tearing off propellers and draining fuel from the planes in an effort to disable them.

The Japanese pilots responded by brandishing their swords, pulling these workers from the planes and climbing into the cockpits. The workers laid down in front of the planes as the pilots started their engines, but then they stood up and waved as the planes took off. Thirty-three planes took off that day to destinations unknown; they were neither seen nor heard from again. The next day, August 22, security forces from Yokosuka encircled the area and restored order. On August 26 the Japanese government agreed to make Atsugi Base the site of the arrival of the first U.S. occupation troops.

At 0600, August 30, paratroopers from the 11th Airborne Division landed at Atsugi to initiate an operation which was one of the greatest military gambles of all time. This small group of daring men, an advance contingent preceding the arrival of General MacArthur, landed in a hostile country where they were greatly outnumbered.

Shortly thereafter, General Douglas MacArthur arrived in his C-54, the "Bataan," to accept the formal Japanese surrender. Following the General's departure for his new headquarters in Yokohama, and throughout the first day of the occupation of Japan, huge transports began landing at Atsugi. By the end of the day, approximately 8,000 troops in 123 planes had completed the move from Okinawa to mainland Japan. The war was over.

The 187th Airborne Infantry Regiment remained at the base and assumed responsibility for the occupation until early 1946, when it moved to Hokkaido. Also in 1946, the Eighth Army established a Replacement Training Center at Atsugi. The Training Center continued to be the principal activity at the base until March 1949, when it was disestablished.

When North Korea invaded the Republic of Korea on June 25, 1950, U.S. Naval Aviation at Naval Air Facility Yokosuka was closest to the scene of the conflict. Yokosuka's aviation facilities had been used by the Navy for some time after the surrender, but the buildings, hangers and landing area had gradually been turned over to the US Army. Thus, in June 1950, it was little more than a beachhead for a limited number of seaplanes. In all of Japan, there was no Navy installation which could provide for land operations of patrol squadrons.

The Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet selected Atsugi as the location of the principal Naval Air Station for the Far East. On October 5, 1950, an advance echelon from Mobile Construction Battalion TWO arrived to find a seriously deteriorated base. The runway was useless. The 220 buildings on the 1,200 acre base were a shambles.

On November 5, elements of Fleet Aircraft Service Squadron ELEVEN moved into Atsugi and began construction of a 6,000 foot runway where the former airstrip had been.

On December 1, 1950, Naval Air Station, Atsugi was commissioned with Captain R. C. Sutliff as the first Commanding Officer. On board were three officers and 50 enlisted men.

Patrol Squadron SIX became the first squadron to operate from the station in January, 1951, followed shortly thereafter by a detachment of Fleet Aircraft Service Squadron 120.

Commander Fleet Air, Japan moved his headquarters from Tokyo to Atsugi in April, 1951, with Captain Sutliff assuming the additional hat. At the same time, Commander Fleet Wing SIX moved his headquarters from USS PINE ISLAND to the station.

As the number of personnel swelled, support and recreational facilities improved. A new photo lab, control tower and parachute loft were completed. The finishing touches on a nine-hole golf course were envisioned for the spring of 1952.

By November, 1952, the first dependents of Atsugi's service members arrived. A bowling center, station theater and a swimming pool were added to the list of recreational facilities.

Throughout 1953 and 1954 a large number of units moved to Atsugi to provide necessary fleet services, including Marine Aircraft Group ELEVEN. By September, 1955, MAG-11 had 94 aircraft and over 2,000 officers and enlisted men at the base.

Commander, Fleet Air Western Pacific was established and headquartered at Atsugi in November, 1954. That position still exists and is the senior U.S. billet aboard Atsugi.

In early 1955, additional units of the First Marine Aircraft Wing were withdrawn from Korea and based at Atsugi. By now, the total onboard count was approximately 4,745. At one point there were as many as 250 aircraft assigned.

In 1957, high performance jets were brought onboard to replace older aircraft. The new models included the F3H, F4D, F8U, FJ-4 and F11F. Mobile arresting gear was put into service when the runway was wet, to ensure the new jets didn't overshoot the strip. New Naval Aviation units brought aboard included VR-23, FASRon-11 and VU-5.

In April 1969, Atsugi was involved in an international confrontation when an EC-121 reconnaissance plane assigned to VQ-1 (Atsugi) was reportedly shot down over the Sea of Japan by two North Korean MIGs. All 31 Navy men aboard the plane were killed. The base became a bustling community almost overnight when President Richard Nixon ordered an armada of Navy vessels to assemble in the Sea of Japan. Many Atsugi personnel toiled long hours to provide the 29 ships with logistic support. Gradually the tense situation abated, and the ships and Atsugi Base personnel returned to normal duties.

As the Sixties drew to a close, the Naval Air Station was phased down became a Naval Air Facility. Plans were made to relocate VQ-1, VRC-50 and HC-7.

By early 1970, the Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF) began moving in. Since then, the base has been shared by aviation elements of both nations. Although the U.S. forces continued to have access to the runway, the actual control of the runway was turned over to the JMSDF. Atsugi officially became a Naval Air Facility on July 1, 1971, with it's primary mission becoming maintenance of aircraft belonging to other units and facilities.

JMSDF patrol aircraft accounted for many of the flights in the early 1970's. The first JMSDF aircraft actually arrived in December 1971. The headquarters for the JMSDF's Fleet Air Force and Fleet Air Wing FOUR moved here in December 1973.

For a time, U.S. flights were limited to aircraft belonging to the detachments maintained here by VQ-1 and VRC-50. When carriers pulled into Naval Station (NS) Yokosuka, the pace quickened as many of the embarked aircraft flew to Naval Air Field Atsugi for maintenance.

When the USS Midway home-ported in Yokosuka, NAF Atsugi became the home of Carrier Air Wing 5, the first carrier air wing to be permanently forward deployed. In 1991 the USS Independence replaced the decommissioned Midway, but CVW-5 remained to support the newer carrier. This summer, CVW-5 will again cross-deck to the USS Kitty Hawk as it replaces the USS Independence.

In 1993, HSL-51 was established to provide aviation support for the Yokosuka-based ships of Destroyer Squadron 15.

With the closing of NAS Cubi Point in the Philipines in 1991 and NAS Agana in Guam in 1995, NAF Atsugi became the primary base for support of naval aviation in the Western Pacific.

Because of the "joint use" arrangement between the JMSDF and American military personnel, NAF Atsugi enjoys a unique international base of operations. It is an interesting, rewarding place in which to work and to live.

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Torii Station, Japan

Overview

COMMANDER 10th Area Support Group, Unit #35115 ATTN: APAJ-GOF-A APO AP 96376-5115

CALLING OKINAWA

The bases on Okinawa are direct dial capable. To direct dial from outside Japan start by dialing the international prefix. The international prefix is 011. The next set of numbers is used to route the call to the proper telephone exchange which is 81-6117. The final set of numbers is the last (6) digits of the number you are calling. EXAMPLE: If the number you are calling in Okinawa is 644-4385, you would dial 011-81-6117-44-4385.

Torii Station is located on the island of Okinawa about 1000 miles due south of mainland Japan.

Okinawa offers a joint service environment with the Air Force, Marine Corps, and Navy. Kadena Air Base (Air Force) and Camp Butler (USMC) are two military installations located close to Torii Station. Many services are provided by the Air Force and Marine Corps.

The major Army commands located on Okinawa and their missions are as follows:

1/1 SFG: The only forward deployed Special Forces unit in the Far East, their peacetime mission is to maintain its combat readiness by conducting unilateral training, and to train with other nation's military forces to foster interoperability. Under the operational control of the Commander in Chief, Pacific, they conduct Foreign Internal Defense operations throughout the theater in support of the Pacific Command Strategy. They plan for and conduct relief and humanitarian assistance operations for nations affected by natural disasters. 10th Area Support Group: As the host Army installation activity, the 10th ASG provides Army activities and units on Okinawa a full range of base operations support.

Responsible for coordinating with the sister services and the Government of Japan, it also maintains liaison to further mutual cooperation and understanding between the U. S. Army and the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force. 10th ASG's wartime mission is to receive, stage, equip, and deploy rerouted or diverted forces. 505th Quartermaster Battalion: With more than 100 miles of fuel pipeline criss-crossing Okinawa, most of it underground, the 505th performs a wartime mission everyday.

The 505th is responsible for supplying all DOD activities on Okinawa with fuel, including the jets at Kadena Air Base and the Navy vessels at White Beach, and even your family automobile through your local AAFES gas pump. 58th Signal Battalion: Responsible for keeping the Department of Defense operations on Okinawa in contact with the rest of the world. 58th Signal Bn operates facilities and systems in support of the DOD community through 3 individual companies and the HHD. 835th Transportation Battalion: Their wartime mission is to support various operation's plans in the Pacific theater. Most supplies for U. S. Forces in Okinawa are brought by sea, except for a small percentage brought by air, the 835th is responsible for managing that cargo. This includes exchange/commissary items, general supply items, and household goods. U. S. Army Space Command Detachment: This unit's mission is to monitor, control, assist, and coordinate tactical satellite terminal's usage of Ground Mobile Forces (GMF) communication's band width, as well as prevent illegal access. 83d Ordinance Battalion: Located in the 400 MMS area on Kadena AB.

Their two basic missions are to provide static storage for approximately 21,000 short tons of USARPAC War Reserve and training ammunition stored in 69 structures. They also provide ammunition support to all Army activities on Okinawa and select CONUS-based units. U. S. Army Engineering Detachment: Their mission is to ensure facilities constructed are fully functional and safe for U. S. Forces personnel by actively assisting the GOJ in delineating requirements and conducting design and construction surveillance. They also administer the traditional military construction program in support of the Army and other DOD activities on Okinawa.

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Yokosuka, Japan

Overview

LOCATION - Japan is an island nation located off the east coast of the Asian Continent.

Yokosuka City is located about 50 km (30 miles) southwest of Japan's capital city, Tokyo, on the east coast of the main island, Honshu. It is an industrial and residential community, with an area of about 100.67* square kilometers (39 square miles), and a population of about 425,078* (about 161,419 households*) as of February 1, 2006. (*Demographic information courtesy of Yokosuka City Hall, Statistics Branch.)

Fleet Activities Yokosuka is a 579 acre naval base occupying a small peninsula jutting into Tokyo Bay. An Ordnance Facility in nearby Urago, and on-base housing areas at Ikego and Negishi comprise another 850 acres of U.S. facilities.

As the home of the U.S. Navy's Seventh Fleet, Commander Fleet Activities Yokosuka (CFAY), hosts 13 afloat commands and more than 50 other shore commands and tenant activities.

MISSION - CFAY's primary mission is to provide support services to forward deployed naval forces in Yokosuka, and other units assigned in the Western Pacific. Yokosuka Sailors take pride in setting the standard of "SERVICE TO THE FLEET" for the rest of the Navy.

Our role as ambassadors to Japan is something we take equally seriously. As residents of a joint-use naval base, and with almost 50 percent of our active duty and civilian population living off-base, we strive on a daily basis to improve the strength and quality of our ties to our host nation.

POPULATION SERVED - CFAY serves approximately 25,000 personnel. This figure includes Active Duty Members, Active Duty Family Members, Military Retirees and their Family Members, Civilian Employees, Japanese (MLC) and Other (IHA) Employees.

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Yokota AB, Japan

Overview

Yokota Air Base is located on the island of Honshu, Japan, on the Kanto Plain 28 miles northwest of Tokyo at the foothills of the Okutama Mountains. The base lies within the political boundaries of six municipalities. These are Akishima, Fussa, Hamura, Mizuho, Musashi-Murayama, and Tachikawa.

HISTORY

Yokota AB opened in 1940 under Japan as Tama Air Field. Yokota was used as a test facility for the Japanese Imperial Army. In 1945, Tama Air Field became Yokota AB. The 374th Air Wing formed in Australia in 1942, was among the first to fight in Korea in 1950. Then served in Vietnam from 1960's - 1970's and arrived in Yokota in 1989.

MISSION

Yokota is both a US and UN base; primary a UNC airlift hub. Yokota Air Base serves as the host base for Headquarters, United States Forces Japan and Fifth Air Force. The 374th Airlift Wing provides tactical airlift, medical evacuation, and distinguished visitor airlift for the western Pacific, while serving as a key strategic airlift hub for the entire theater.

POPULATION SERVED

Yokota has a population of over eleven thousand. Approximately 3,446 active duty military, 4,130 dependents, 196 DOD Civilians, 1,967 local national, 163 DODDS teachers and staff, 286 NAF employees, 75 AAFES employees, 950 Contractors and retirees.

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